All my work invites viewers to feel free to interact, with their own personality, their own vision and their own feelings, not imposed by me. The ideal spectator is the most free, most open, least conditioned. The most important thing for me is that brief moment of interconnection - Julio Le Parc, 2014
Galerie Perrotin is pleased to present the first solo exhibition of Julio Le Parc in New York since 1973. This will be the final exhibition at the Madison Avenue gallery before relocating to 130 Orchard Street on the Lower East Side in April 2017.
A co-founder in 1960 in Paris of the influential collective, Groupe de Recherche d’Art Visuel (GRAV) along with Horacio Garcia Rossi, Francisco Sobrino, François Morellet, Joël Stein and Jean-Pierre Vasarely (Yvaral), Julio Le Parc is a major figure of historical importance within Kinetic and Contemporary Art.
Complementing the historical survey at the Pérez Art Museum Miami, from November 18, 2016 to March 19, 2017, Galerie Perrotin will show Julio Le Parc’s newest series of paintings, “Alchimies”, as well as select iconic installations, illustrating fifty years of relevant art practice that includes ongoing research and experimentation. This follows recent successful retrospectives at the Palais de Tokyo in Paris, 2013, and the Serpentine Gallery, London, 2014-2015.
Julio Le Parc’s early paintings were influenced by the Constructivist Movement of Arte Concreto Invencion, as well as artists such as Piet Mondrian and Victor Vasarely. However, since 1959, Le Parc has continued on his own independent path applying rigorous organising principles to his paintings whether exploring the use of 14 scales of colours, or white, grey and black in varying yet precise endless combinations.
From 1960 onwards, Le Parc has produced simultaneously paintings that are founded on rigorous systems of organisation of surface, and correlation of forms, as well as vibratory reliefs and immersive installations. He has long been concerned with what art could do to consider the participation of the public, and his research into perceptual instability as a pioneer of Kinetic and Op Art led to important works involving light and movement. Le Parc was particularly interested in opening up new relations between the art object and viewer whereby the visitor is no longer a passive, dependent observer, but the active participant within a dynamic experience.
On show at Galerie Perrotin are two paintings from the ‘Modulation’ series alongside four from the latest ‘Alchimie’ body of work which are impressively large in scale. Involving several stages of drawings and smaller paintings they have evolved into compositions often containing subtle yet intense, progressively shifting simple forms.
In painting “Alchimie 332”, 2016, we see a large black center circled by overlapping pink, green, and orange dots, clustering intensely where they overlap, scattering out against a black background as if atomised, creating an effect that is simultaneously disorientating and hypnotic.
Also exhibited, is a recent three dimensional composition “Sphère bleu uo” (Fluorescent blue sphere), 2001-2016 that is 7,2 feet (2,20 meters) in diameter and formed from hundreds of blue translucent plexiglas slats, creating transparency, movement and light that shifts with the air as well as by the position of the viewer.
Two key light installations, “Continuel-lumière avec 49 cylindres ” 1967-2016, and “Lumières alternées”, 1993-2011, portray light as not a state but a shifting temporal process using motors and random movement. Le Parc believed early in his career, that only an indeterminate, contingent art could adequately represent our unstable contemporary reality and he is widely acknowledged for utilising complex ideas that include the aesthetic and ethical into his practice.
Julio Le Parc was born in 1928 in Mendoza, Argentina and lives and works in Paris since 1958. He was awarded the International Grand Prize for Painting at the 33rd Venice Biennale, 1966. A defender of human rights, he fought against dictatorship in Latin America through numerous collective anti-fascist projects.
He has recently shown within the following group exhibitions: “Eye Attack - Op art and Kinetic art 1950-1970” at Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Humlebaek, Denmark (2016), “The Illusive Eye”, El Museo del Barrio, New York, USA (2014) “Phares”, Centre Pompidou Metz, France (2013) “Art Turning Left: How Values Changed Making 1789-2013”, Tate Liverpool, UK (2013), “Dynamo. Un siècle de lumière et de mouvement dans l’art 1913-2013”, Grand Palais, Paris, France (2013), “Modernités Plurielles 1905-1970”, Centre Pompidou, Paris, France (2012) “Ghosts in the Machine”, New Museum, New York, USA (2012) “Suprasensorial : Experiments in Light, Color and Space”, Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington D.C, USA (2012).
His works are part of the main worldwide public collections: MOMA, New York, Tate London, MNAM/Centre Georges Pompidou Paris, LACMA, Louisiana Museum of Modern Art Humlebaek, Musée d’art contemporain de Montreal, MACBA Buenos Aires, Walker Art Center Minneapolis, The Museum of Fine Arts Houston, Musée d’art Moderne de la ville de Paris, Museo Nacional Reina So a, Guggenheim Abu Dhabi, Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen Rotterdam, Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, Cisneros Fontanals Art Foundation, Miami, New Orleans Museum of Art, Delgado Museum New Orleans.