Perrotin Tokyo is pleased to present a solo exhibition of celebrated India-based artist, Bharti Kher.
Situated in a legacy of work that weaves as many linguistic pirouettes as material ones, Bharti Kher’s first solo show in Japan is named Djinns, things, places for a reason. This time there is no pachyderm, no spermatozoid symbol covering it, no phallic largesse inviting us, as there was during the group exhibition she participated in at Mori Art Museum, Chalo! India: A New Era of Indian Art (2008). This time the elephant in the room is you and the introspective silence she has skilfully stitched for you to confront, rather to place within yourself. Here she stands in the land of the divine beasts that protect, and of spirit masters that never quite leave. It is in this land that belongs as much to Pokémon of today as it does to the mystical dragons of folklore, that Kher chooses to make the deepest of her dives, so far, into querying the oft-neglected brand of divinity that is both feared and heralded. If we listen carefully, she goes so far as to suggest that this divinity is something that lies within us. Djinns, things, places is thus as much a topical show, as it is a cornerstone of a magic-realist practice that has for some time now been toying with the mythical and bordering on the shamanic.
In this steadily evolving oeuvre where Kher constantly pushes materials into being “something that they may not quite want to be”, the ideas of breaking and bricolage are not new. Neither is the coming together of the mirrors with the symbol most readily identified with her work: the bindi. For this show, however, Kher expounds upon these motifs and raises them towards the notion of repair. For all its lyricism, Kher’s artmaking has often been described as an “act of refusal”. Just as inhabiting a narrative means making it part of a self-fashioned hybridity, the act of fracture also amounts to refurbishment for her.
In a spatial response to Perrotin Tokyo’s shattered window façade, Kher places a mirror work Algorithm for Refusal whose clinically slick edges are unlike those she has previously put in ornate frames. Despite this, the work possesses an unwavering intimacy, repeatedly shattered. With the breaking of the mirrors, Kher is breaking the dialectic of truth and reflection that pervades these viewing devices. And in a nod to the Greeks, who thought of mirrors as instruments of inherent deception, she is also breaking the sense of selfhood that mirrors claim.
To gaze into Bharti Kher’s mirrors is to glimpse into an “ideal realm from an uncrossable frame.” In these works another truth reveals itself, a different reality that is acknowledged as being imperfect, imprecise, layered and marred by violent deeds. While smashing these mirrors is an act of defiance, the artist resolutely works to repair the shattered mirror, obliterating the scene of aggression, and transforming the ruin into a new splendour that exists on its own terms. In the land of kintsugi, Kher is reminding us that as long as there is multplicity in the resultant narratives, there is beauty in fracture. She also does this, quite simply, because she can. In this way, she displays the irreverence of a punk statement, the uncanny charm of a child’s inquisitiveness, and the wit of the spirit-guides summoned by her art.
In addition to this, she shows a series of maps, Points of departure rendered not only with the marks of time but also with the use of the bindi as a semiotic code. They may be read, therefore, as abstract texts of a psychosocial geography. Kher’s maps are obviously political, but in her own words they are both “everywhere and nowhere”. This eschewal of specificity is shared too by the disjointed sculptures on display The intermediaries. Here the artist seems to be the least bit invested in telling you what the individual forms being brought together are, or what disparate mythologies she has borrowed them from. Her primary intention, instead, is perhaps only to share the delight of a new visuality emerging from their union. The intermediaries suggest a familial life: a melange of unconventionality, ancestral complexity, and diasporic identity. One that brings with it both geographical and psychosocial dissonances. Kher describes The intermediaries as “a family of inbetweens. They are the outsiders, the self created and the djinns” The maps are an invitation to the building of a new space-place, to its extrication from the recesses of the unspoken. Much in the same way, the bindi-covered mirror extricates an unuttered selfhood, and the sculptures tread an indeterminate world.
In this show, then, as geopolitical surfaces are disguised in order to repair as well as erase, reflecting surfaces are fractured into seemingly inchoate fragments, and markers of decisive identity are consciously avoided, what is being forged is a visual meaning-making device. The grammar of that language, and indeed the thread running through the show, is founded on a notion of indeterminate place. Place could be a sense of personal geography that the maps evoke, the locus-standi of selfhood (or its lack) that the mirror works suggest, or even the simple inability to sit between fixed narratives that the sculptures assert. All of these contain within them the possibility of looking at our own bodies in relation to the world and to experiencing them in a myriad of possibilities.
Of her studio practice, Bharti Kher has said “I break things to know them better. I am always asking if you push a little more what will happen?” Djinns, things, places is her invitation to viewers to “smell with their tongues and to taste with their eyes”, but above all to do what she has been doing in her studio repetitively – push. It is through this act of insistence beyond the limits of material that she creates the alchemy of her hybrid worlds.
Bharti Kher was born in London in 1969. She studied at the Middlesex Polytechnic, London, 1987 - 1988 and received a BA Honours in Fine Art, Painting at the Foundation Course in Art & Design at Newcastle Polytechnic, Newcastle, 1988 - 1991. She currently lives and works in New Delhi, India.
Kher’s work has been the subject of numerous solo exhibitions and was included in scores of group exhibitions at museums and galleries worldwide. Bharti Kher’s oeuvre, which spans more than two decades and includes paintings, sculptures and ready-made objects, installations, displays an unwavering relationship with surrealism, narrative and the nature of things - inspired by a wide range of sources from Oppenheim to Bourgeois, Bacon and Blake, Kher’s work moves through time using reference as a counterpoint and contradiction as a visual tool. Her chimeras, mythical monsters and allegorical tales combine references that are topical and traditional, political and postcolonial at the same time.
Noteworthy recent solo shows were presented at Pasquart Kunsthaus Centre d’art (Bienne, Switzerland), DHC/ART Foundation for Contemporary Art (Montreal, Canada), Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum (Boston, USA), Museum Frieder Burda Salon Berlin (Berlin, Germany), Freud Museum (London, UK), Vancouver Art Gallery (Vancouver, Canada), Rockbund Art Museum (Shanghai, China), Parasol Unit Foundation for contemporary art (London, UK). Kher’s work is present in numerous international museum collections, such as the British Museum (London, UK), Tate Modern (London, UK), Kiran Nadar Museum of Art (New Delhi, India), Essl Museum (Klosterneuburg, Austria), Queensland Art Gallery (Queensland, Australia), National Museum of Canada (Ottawa, Canada), Walker Art Center (Minneapolis MN, USA), North Carolina Museum of Art (Raleigh NC, USA), Vancouver Art Gallery (Vancouver, Canada), Guggenheim (Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates), Museum Frieder Burda (BadenBaden, Germany), Leeum, Samsung Museum of Art (Seoul, South Korea).