We like to cheer on the underdog. Generally, people will support the weak in fight against the strong, even if there is little moral difference between them. But we rarely think of people and places caught in the crossfire. Watching Tom and Jerry we hope cunning Jerry will get the better of powerful Tom, but in the process they both end up ruining their home, breaking things that don't belong to them to defeat each other, resulting in destruction all around.
The old city of Homs has experienced this violent dance all over its ancient buildings and its coherent society. This sieged part of the city today is living the life of Leningrad during the Second World War. In fact, it is a double siege; 73 Christian civilians with their priest were being hold as hostages by troops who are in turn besieged in with their families. It has been widely reported in the Western media that women and children trapped in Homs are to be rescued - allowed to get out of the city. At the time of writing civilians are leaving but it is of little comfort, the old city is beyond rescue. The losses that this city has endured surpass piecemeal attempts at intervention.
Inside the old city, houses and their courtyards were built using the basalt black stone of the region. Churches and mosques were built in the same way next to or in front of each other. It was common to hear Christian bells and Muslim call for prayer echoing through the streets at the same time. Syrians were living in this harmony for decades; even the Ottoman mosque of Khalid ibn Al-Walid, which holds an extremely sentimental value for the people of Homs, was built by the hands of Muslims and Christians working together but today stands half-demolished by bombing.
The people of Homs rely on their hand-made social system; many neighborhoods of Old Homs are named after major families, they still know each other by family tree. If you met someone in Homs, the first thing he or she will ask you will be "who is your father, your mother,…", they all seem to know each other.
Enhancing the old city's micro-culture was the main vain of life in the city; the old Souk-an Ottoman- style covered market where most of the city has one day worked in, housing fabrics and gold along with crafts such as copper, carving and blacksmithing. Outside the walls of this market you could have found clothing, and domestic equipment, while across the street would be the farmer's market, fish, and chicken stalls wrapping all the way around. Condensing the activity, doctor's clinics and offices sat above in the upper storeys of the surrounding buildings. The old souk was no urbane configuration, yet life inside was vibrant; the whole city was living and working there. Now it is a ruin.
The city's way of life has been demolished along with its buildings. Homs is the only city in Syria that has seen its center completely destroyed. The Old City of Homs is dead; people have lost their homes, their furniture, cloths, even photos. They also have lost their jobs, their churches, mosques, and medical facilities; but the most important thing, the most hurtful thing, is that people have lost each other. The love and harmony that existed between communities and religions has been shattered. The wounds that have been opened in this area are deeper than bullets. Caught in the crossfire there is no winner and no one to cheer for. (First published on The Architectural Review).